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2017_2018学年八年级英语下册第一单元检测(新版)人教新目标版

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2017_2018学年八年级英语下册第一单元检测(新版)人教新目标版

第一单元检测
(时间:60分钟 满分:100分)
Ⅰ.单项选择(每小题1分,共15分)
1.—What’s the matter B you?
—There is something wrong with my eyes.
A.for        B.with
C.on D.to
2. 导学号23384004I didn’t C my temperature,but I knew I have a fever.
A.give B.set
C.take D.show
3. 导学号23384005—Why are you so tired these days?
—Well,I have  A  work to do.
A.too much B.too many
C.much too D.many too
4.—Mom,I’ll go to my friend’s party,but I don’t know what to wear.Could you make a D for me?
—OK.Let me see.
A.condition B.experience
C.direction D.decision
5. 导学号23384006You  A  be quiet when you are in the reading room.
A.should B.shouldn’t
C.can’t D.can
6.—How did he use to go to school?
—By bike.But now he’s used to D to school.
A.walked B.walks
C.walk D.walking
7. 导学号23384007This bus doesn’t go to the hospital.I’m afraid you’ll have to C at the library and take the subway.
A.take off B.put off
C.get off D.turn off
8. 导学号23384008—Let’s see the dolphins.
—Great!I like to watch them  A  and swim.
A.jump B.to jump
C.jumping D.are jumping
9. 导学号23384009The  A  girl was sent to hospital by her mother yesterday.
A.sick B.ill
C.good D.well
10.The scarf is  C  and she made it   .
A.herself;her 
B.herself;hers
C.hers;herself 
D.her;herself
11. 导学号23384010Don’t lose heart.You should keep on  B .
A.try B.trying
C.tries D.tried
12. 导学号23384011—I have a pain in my back. 
— A .You’d better see a doctor.
A.I’m sorry to hear that
B.Nothing serious  
C.It doesn’t matter
D.That’s all right
13. 导学号23384012Although the man is old,he is still  A  control of the company(公司).
A.in B.at
C.on D.for
14. 导学号23384013—Smoking is bad for your health.
—You’re right.I decide to D .
A.take it down 
B.find it out
C.turn it off 
D.give it up
15. 导学号23384014We have problems  B under the water.
A.breathe 
B.breathing
C.to breathe 
D.breathed
Ⅱ.完形填空(每小题1分,共10分)
 导学号23384015
An old man went to a hospital.When the 16. B  came to see him,he said,“Mr.Smith,you should have two injections(注射),and then you will feel much better.A 17. A  will come and give you the first one this evening,and then you will get 18. D tomorrow morning.
In the 19. D  a young woman came to Mr.Smith’s bed.To his 20. A ,the nurse said to him,“I’ll give you the first injection now.21. C  do you want it?”
The old man looked at the nurse for a while and then he said,“22. B  has ever let me choose it before.Are you going to let me make a 23. A  now?” “Yes,Mr.Smith,”the nurse answered 24. D a smile on the face.
“I want the nurse to give 25. C  the injection,” He thought.“I want it in your left arm,please.” Mr.Smith answered very quickly.
16.A.worker B.doctor
C.teacher D.waiter
17.A.nurse B.climber
C.keeper D.dentist
18.A.another B.others
C.the others D.the other
19.A.morning B.noon
C.afternoon D.evening
20.A.surprise B.accident
C.situation D.beginning
21.A.How B.When
C.Where D.Why
22.A.Somebody B.Nobody
C.Anybody D.Everybody
23.A.decision B.rule
C.way D.job
24.A.at B.in
C.without D.with
25.A.myself B.himself
C.herself D.ourselves
Ⅲ.阅读理解(每小题2分,共20分)
A
 导学号23384016
High-speed trains,Alipay(支付宝),shared bikes and online payment are seen as the new Four Great Achievements of China by young foreigners,according to a video survey by the Silk Road Research Institute of Beijing Foreign Studies University.In the video,young people from 20 countries along Belt and Road Routes(一带一路)were asked to name great inventions that had influenced their lives in China.The following is what they said from 4 young people of them.
 
26.What does Justin think of the high-speed railways in China according to his words? A 
A.Fast and tidy.
B.Convenient and wonderful.
C.Cheap and amazing.
27.What do“A” and “B” refer to(指)in Yala’s words? C 
A.Two bikes. B.Two riders. C.Two places.
28.What does the underlined phrase “be in a tough spot” mean? A 
A.Get into trouble.
B.Lose your way.
C.Stay in silence.
29.Which of the following is TRUE according to the above information? B 
A.Bicycle-sharing system provides bikes for free.
B.There’re no high-speed railways in Romania now.
C.Zhi Fu Bao is the only way of paying for things.
30.What conclusion(结论)can we draw about the new four great achievements? B 
A.They were created by young foreign people.
B.They are the signs that China is improving rapidly.
C.They were brought to the countries along Belt and Road Routes.

B
 导学号23384017
Everybody will have some health problems.Here are Mr.Black’s problems and his doctor’s advice.I hope they can help you.
Mr.Black’s problems
My name is David Black.I live in a small house.When I eat and drink,I am always worried they are dirty.So when I am hungry or thirsty,I don’t want to eat food or drink water.And I never go out when the weather is cold or hot,because I am worried I’ll have a cold.I don’t go out often because I don’t want to talk with others.I hardly exercise,but sometimes I take a walk in my garden.After I walk for a few minutes,I have to take a rest.I am always very weak and tired.I often have a headache,but I don’t want to see a doctor.What should I do?
Dr.Smith’s advice
Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy.I think you have too much yin because you are always worried about something and you don’t like going out or talking with others.I think you should eat some yang foods,like beef and you need to exercise more.Also,talking with others can make you feel relaxed.And if you don’t feel very well,it’s important for you to go to see a doctor.And you will feel better after you take some Chinese medicine.
31.The underlined word “they” here refers to “ D ”.
A.Mr.Black and Mr.Smith
B.only Mr.Black’s problems
C.only Mr.Smith’s advice
D.Mr.Black’s problems and Mr.Smith’s advice
32.Mr.Black doesn’t go out when the weather is cold or hot,because he is worried  C .
A.he will be hungry or thirsty
B.he has to talk with others
C.he will have a cold
D.he will get lost
33.If you are always worried and you don’t like going out,maybe you  B .
A.have too much yang
B.have too much yin
C.have a balance of yin and yang
D.need to eat some yin food
34.Which is NOT Dr.Smith’s advice? C 
A.To eat hot yang foods.
B.To play more sports.
C.To stay at home and rest.
D.to take some Chinese medicine.
35.Which of the following is RIGHT according to the passage? B 
A.Mr.Black often has dirty foods to eat.
B.Mr.Black has to have a rest after a short walk.
C.Mr.Black often sees a doctor when he feels bad.
D.Mr.Black likes to eat beef very much.
Ⅳ.任务型阅读(每小题2分,共10分)
 导学号23384018
Have you ever listened to the sound in your heart?Have you ever met an article which has the same idea as yours?
The TV program,The Reader,has been popular since it came out on CCTV-1 on February 18th,2017.It is produced by Dong Qing,a famous hostess.The Reader invites many guests to read something that influences them most.Not only famous people but also common people can be the guests.
Liu Chuanzhi,the founder of Lenovo(联想集团创始人),came to The Reader as a common father.He said,“As long as you are an honest man,you are my good son whatever your job is!” Xu Yuanchong,a 96-year-old translator,shared some of his personal experiences of translating Chinese poems into English and French.His words were simple but moving.He read a love poem with tears in his eyes.
This program has turned reading into a new fashion.It shows the beauty of Chinese language and the power of reading.Now Reading Booths(朗读亭)are set up in many cities.Though it rained,people in Hangzhou even waited in long lines to read in the booths.All kinds of reading activities are going on in schools.Lots of students take an active part in them.
Reading is helpful to us because it will make us wise,happy and knowledgeable.It can be done anytime and anywhere.What are you waiting for?Why not start reading now?
阅读短文回答问题。
36.When did The Reader come out?
On February 18th,2017.
37.What has been turned into a new fashion by The Reader?
It has turned reading into a new fashion./Reading.
38.Who is the successful translator mentioned(提到)in the passage?
Xu Yuanchong.
39.Can we find Reading Booths in Hangzhou?
Yes,we can.
40.Why is reading good for us?
Because it will make us wise,happy and knowledgeable.
Ⅴ.补全对话(每小题2分,共10分)
根据对话内容,从方框中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,其中有两项多余。
 导学号23384019
A:Good afternoon,young man.41. D 
B:Good afternoon,doctor.I don’t feel well.I have a headache.
A:Do you have a fever?
B:42. F  My mother took my temperature just now.She said it was OK.
A:Oh,I think you may have a cold.
B:43. A 
A:You should drink much water.
B:OK.44. G 
A:Well,you should go to bed early and have a good rest.
B:45. C 
A:No.It’s nothing serious,so you can go to school.
B:Thank you very much.
A:You’re welcome.
A.What should I do?
B.I hope you will get better soon.
C.Should I stay in bed?
D.What’s the matter?
E.Are you feeling well now?
F.No,I don’t.
G.What else?
Ⅵ.词汇考查(每小题1分,共10分)
A.根据句意及首字母提示填写单词。
46.Zhang Lin’s grandmother was  sick ,so he took her to the hospital.
47.Jane’s head feels kind of hot.I think she has a  fever .
48.I ran up against a glass door and  hurt my head.
49.—What’s the  trouble  with you?
—I can’t eat anything.
50.There are too many  passengers  on the bus,so I couldn’t get on it.
B.用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。
51.We need two more new  knives (knife).
52.Mrs.Brown  lay (lie)down in bed for a few minutes,and then she felt better.
53.After his parents’  death (die),the young man moved to another city.
54.Becky is used to  talking (talk)with us in Chinese in Beijing.
55.She is old enough to take care of  herself (she).
Ⅶ.根据汉语意思完成下列句子,每空一词(每小题2分,共10分)
56.使我惊讶的是,他们最终决定卖掉自己的房子。
 To   my   surprise ,they decided to sell their house at last.
57.多亏你的帮助,我们才得以成功。
 Thanks   to your help,we were able to be successful.
58.为了能赶上火车,他们五点半就出门了。
They left at half past five so   that  they could catch the train.
59.我必须等管理这家超市的人。
I had to wait for the man who was in   control   of  the supermarket.
60.如果你一直像那样开车,你将陷入麻烦。
If you keep   on driving like that,you will  get   into  trouble.
Ⅷ.书面表达(共15分)
 导学号23384020
假如你是Mary,你的朋友Ann最近身体不适,总感到很累,你知道后很挂念。请根据下列的提示内容给Mary写一封邮件,告诉她应该做什么,不应该做什么。80词左右,开头与结尾已给出,但不计入总词数。
提示:
1.多喝热水;好好休息;最好去看医生;
2.不要熬夜;压力不要太大……
Dear Ann,
Sorry to hear that you are not feeling well.You said you felt very tired all day.I think you should drink a lot of hot water and have a good rest.You shouldn’t go to bed late.Don’t be under too much pressure,and try to relax yourself.You can play basketball with your friends after school.If you still don’t feel better,you’d better go to a doctor and take some medicine.
I hope you will feel better soon.
Yours,
Mary

 

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